Skills needed for uncontrolled crossings:
After they complete our O&M program, our students will
To recognize Situations of Uncertainty, students do not use any formal method of assessment or timing of vehicles.
Instead, they do everything by intuition, on a "gut level."
They know that
- They have an intuitive understanding of their crossing time for streets of various widths;*
- If the crossing is unfamiliar, students who rely on hearing can determine the probable width of the street by listening to the traffic; and
- Students can judge whether it is a Situation of Uncertainty by observing the traffic for a short time (listening or watching) and;
- compare warning times of approaching vehicles with their crossing time;* and
- notice whether the range of warning times of approaching vehicles could include some that are shorter than their crossing time (if so, it's a Situation of Uncertainty).*
- the situation can change from day to day and sometimes even minute to minute;*
- therefore Situations of Uncertainty can exist at a given crossing at some times and not at others.*
As a result, whenever they reach a crossing with no traffic signal or stop sign, whether the crossing is familiar or not,
When they find themselves in Situations of Uncertainty, they can efficiently
- they take a moment to observe and judge whether it is a Situation of Uncertainty at that time.
When they find themselves in Situations of Confidence, they can efficiently and reliably determine when it is clear to cross, including
- analyze the level of risk, * and
- decide if the risk is acceptable:*
- where the risk is acceptable, they reduce the risks as much as possible and go ahead and cross, and
- where the risk is not acceptable (or not preferable), they implement alternatives.*
Students who have both functional hearing and vision will
- maximizing the use of their hearing * / vision to detect approaching vehicles;
- (when using hearing) recognizing the effects of masking sounds; *
- (when using vision) knowing how to look left and right efficiently to detect approaching vehicles.
* These are the skills that were addressed or practiced remotely.
Later, during in-person training at actual crossings, these skills will need to be confirmed / reinforced, and the other skills will also need to be taught.
- use only one at a time (their hearing or their vision) for street crossings to maximize efficiency; *
- realize that the process of using hearing to cross streets is vastly different from the process of using vision, and that each has its advantages and disadvantages; and
- be able to determine in any given situation whether the vision or the hearing would be best to use to cross in that situation.